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Federal appeals court gives Oak Flat another chance Ninth Circuit will rehear Apache Stronghold's appeal to save sacred land

Ninth Circuit will rehear Apache Stronghold's appeal to save sacred land


November 18, 2022

WASHINGTON – A federal appeals court will take a second look at Apache Stronghold's appeal to save their sacred site at Oak Flat. In Apache Stronghold v. United States, the Ninth Circuit previously ruled that the federal government could give Oak Flat to a foreign-owned mining company that will swallow the site in a massive crater, ending Apache religious practices forever (Watch this short video to learn more). Today, the court announced that it will rehear the case "en banc"-meaning in front of a full panel of eleven judges-giving Apache Stronghold a second chance to win protection for Oak Flat.

"Apache have gathered at Oak Flat to connect with our Creator for millennia, and we want to continue this sacred tradition," said Dr. Wendsler Nosie, Sr. of Apache Stronghold. "The government protects historical churches and other important religious landmarks, and our site deserves no less protection. We are glad the Ninth Circuit is going to take a closer look at this decision, and we hope it will do the right thing and protect Oak Flat."

Since time immemorial, Western Apache and other native peoples have come to Oak Flat for essential religious ceremonies that cannot take place anywhere else. For decades, Oak Flat has been protected by the federal government from mining and other practices that would render the hallowed land unusable for the Apache's religious practices. The longstanding protections for Oak Flat were eliminated in 2014 when a midnight rider was inserted into a must-pass bill ordering the transfer of Oak Flat to Resolution Copper, a foreign-owned mining company that plans to turn the sacred site into a two-mile-wide and 1,100-foot-deep crater.

This past June, a panel of three Ninth Circuit judges ruled 2-1 against Apache Stronghold, with Judge Berzon dissenting and calling the ruling "illogical," "incoherent," "flawed," and "absurd." Now, a majority of the Ninth Circuit's 29 active judges has voted to rehear the case and will convene a special panel of eleven judges to decide whether the law allows the government to destroy sacred sites.

"The court now has an opportunity to correct its earlier mistake and protect Apache religious exercise at Oak Flat," said Luke Goodrich, vice president and senior counsel at Becket. "A win for Apache Stronghold will be a win for people of all faiths."

In addition to Becket, Apache Stronghold is represented by attorneys Michael V. Nixon and Clifford Levenson.

Additional Information:

• Video: Sacred Lands and Copper Ore: Apaches Fight for their Ancestral Lands

• Case Page: Apache Stronghold v. United States

• Legal Doc: U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit's Opinion in Apache Stronghold v. United States (June 24, 2022)

For more information or to arrange an interview, contact Ryan Colby at or 202-349-7219. Interviews can be arranged in English, Chinese, French, German, Portuguese, Russian, and Spanish.

Becket is a non-profit, public-interest law firm dedicated to protecting the free expression of all religious traditions and has a 100% win-rate before the United States Supreme Court. For over 25 years, it has successfully defended clients of all faiths, including Buddhists, Christians, Jews, Hindus, Muslims, Native Americans, Sikhs, and Zoroastrians (read more here).



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