Native Americans Urge Scottish Museum to Return Artifacts From Wounded Knee Massacre
February 25, 2022
In 1890, an estimated 300 mostly unarmed Lakota men, women and children were killed by the U.S. Army at Wounded Knee in the Pine Ridge Reservation of South Dakota. Soldiers trying to curb a growing spiritual movement called Ghost Dance demanded that the Native Americans surrender their weapons, when a disturbance occurred and firing began. Following the massacre, clothing and other objects were removed from the dead.
Now, more than 130 years later, the Wounded Knee Survivors Association, a group of Lakota tribal members who are descendants of those involved or killed in the massacre, is asking a Scottish museum for the return of three items taken from the slain, reports Gabriella Angeleti of the Art Newspaper.
Glasgow’s Kelvingrove Art Gallery and Museum acquired the artifacts—beaded moccasins, a war necklace and a child’s bonnet—in 1891. Lakota interpreter and former soldier George Crager was traveling with Buffalo Bill’s Wild West Show in Scotland when he either sold or donated the “curiosities” to the museum, according to Nick Allen of the Telegraph.